Indigenous struggle in defense of Mother Earth and its collective organization
By Hugo Blanco
29 Mar 2010 [Translated from the original Spanish]
The indigenous population of America has been fighting for over 500 years in environmental protection and collective social organization. With the onslaught of neoliberalism, both nature and your organization, this struggle has intensified.
In all countries with indigenous populations, it has fought hard in defense of Mother Earth against attack by oil, mining, logging, etc.. Agribusiness is also destructive of soil and elsewhere, for killing the soil with monoculture and the use of agrochemicals, super-exploits its workers and in general produces for export, including biofuels to feed cars. Another attack is the construction of dams, hydroelectric plants, airports, roads, etc.. to serve the people hurting businesses.
The slaughter of about 200 (the official figure is 10) Peruvian Amazon natives in Bagua, whose bodies were cremated by repression, caused international outrage. There are also successes, such as Tambogrande that prevented the Canadian company Manhattan extract the gold which is under the population.
In Chile, the "socialist" government repressed the Mapuche who defends the laws of Mother Earth with Pinochet.
In Argentina, Andalgalá and other peoples are fighting bravely in defense of the environment.
In Guatemala report that hundreds of thousands of Indians fighting against the mining legislation.
In the U.S., Indians are opposed to uranium mining that damages "Great Grandma" (the Grand Canyon).
In British Columbia, Canada, indigenous struggle against the emergence of structures in its territory for the Winter Olympics.
The attack of big business is not only against the environment, knowing that collective organization is the weapon of defense of the Indians, it also attacks target. The anti-Indian community was almost simultaneously in Mexico and Peru. The anti-Indian law decrees Peruvian President are against the environment and against the indigenous community.
Precisely this reinforces the construction of indigenous collective power.
The most advanced example of the indigenous struggle for self-build their power is the liberated zone of Chiapas, Mexico. Who rules the community, choosing the authorities without standing as candidates. Members of the collective bodies elected not earn salary for this role and can be removed at any time. The Zapatista Army of National Liberation (EZLN) protects the people of that area of government attack, its members are barred from participating in government agencies.
That does a real democracy. Unfortunately this word has been so prostituted since he was born to describe the Greek dictatorship of males against women and slaves to the current name of the governments of big capital against the majority of the population, which costs me use that term.
Chiapas is the most advanced but not unique.
In Cauca, Colombia, in the words of RECLAIM. "These are 14 shelters occupied ... Some 191 thousand hectares. living in 110 thousand people .... A total of 25 thousand families distributed in 304 villages or rural communities .... In these territories there are 18 councils, indigenous political authority coexists with the municipalities of the Colombian state. The councils are run by governors appointed by large assemblies and accompanied by deputies elected in each of the sidewalks. The council is a power territorialized that has to live with other powers that strive to reduce its influence: basically, military and guerrilla. "
In Ecuador, were the Indians with whom crushed mass demonstrations of the obstructionist attitude of the right, including the claim by the parliament, to prevent achievement of the Constituent Assembly. The Indians clinched the Correa government.
Now they stand against Correa defending their territories of the damage caused by oil extraction, they say that the water law robs them rights, the dispute extends to the educational field because they demand to be the ones who appoint teachers within their territories and impede the entry of government agents who seek to come to divide them.
They argue, rightly applying the new Ecuadorian constitution, which recognizes that Ecuador is a multinational state.
This reinforces the construction of an autonomous democratic power.
In Bolivia, where elections are still the old style that is democratic and where the Indians only account for a tiny minority of representatives, a few days ago the indigenous people of Beni chose the Indian style, by consensus, to these representatives.
In Honduras from 12 to 14 this month held the "Second National Meeting for the Refoundation of Honduras" attended by over 1000 delegates
The organization was the main pivot Civic Council of Popular and Indigenous Organizations of Honduras (COPINH). It was the Indians who fed the crowd. "Do not bring him their abundance, they bring what they have," said the leader Berta Caceres, when men and women came from communities with bags of maize, beans, coffee, fruits, collective kitchen.
Berta, on behalf of the indigenous organization, insisted that, as in Honduras there is no legitimate government, the people must choose from the base, its authorities.
In Peru, the slaughter of June 5 in Bagua reinforced the power of several indigenous Amazonian peoples who have checkpoints who enter their territories and there are no police stations, who fear return to them.
In the mountains the "peasant patrols" self-defense organizations against cattle rustlers and internal justice, arising out of corrupt judges and police at first were persecuted by the system, but to their multiplication, they had to recognize lawfully exercise power to give justice to the lower level.
Where indigenous populations, they have a community organization, more or less democratic, more or less force against the authorities of the system.
Task of revolutionaries
The struggle against capitalism to be an unfair system has more than one hundred years, the revolutionaries of my time if we thought that we could not to overturn it, would do future generations.
Now we see that this is false: If current generations do not tear down capitalism, this, their assault on nature, exterminate the human species, rather, has already begun to exterminate, primarily caused by global warming gas emissions gases: In my region, Cusco, Scores were killed by mudslides caused by heating. An island in the Bay of Bengal disappeared underwater. Hurricane Katrina killed many people in America, in Africa have to walk miles to fetch water. Last winter was too cold in Europe, was killed. A river of mud went through an Italian city. In Granada, Spain and Buenos Aires, people walked the streets with water above the knees. As discussed above, global warming is just one of the attacks to the nature of capitalism, and therefore the survival of humanity.
There are many tips for action against global warming, such as using fluorescent lights, but even if everyone did, that's not going to stop global warming, since this and all other forms of environmental degradation are inherent in the capitalist system holy commandment which commands the multinational companies to make as much money as possible in the shortest time possible.
There are laws protecting the environment, but another of the rules of the system is that money breaks down any law.
If a capitalist moral reasons no longer implement a polluting industry, this is not a solution, since the vortex of the capitalist market will make another take its place.
The only possible remedy for slowing global warming and all the damage to nature is to destroy capitalism. It is true that 100,000 people in Copenhagen shouted: "Change the system, not the climate."
I call upon those who fight for a fairer society, whether they be Marxist, libertarian or whatever, to being crowded into the new reality.
Let us turn to capitalism in the complaint, we must now concentrate primarily on that through the nature of the attack is exterminating our species, this is much more serious than his working class exploitation and plundering of our wealth.
Also, I call them to see what's happening:
Indigenous people, identified as the less civilized, are at the forefront in the defense of nature and therefore the survival of the species.
These populations, today even crushed by capitalism, are building the type of social organization by which we fight. Put in the words of Sub: "This is not to seize power but to build it."
If you see this will understand that a key task of the revolutionary anti-capitalist, must be solidarity with indigenous struggles in defense of nature and construction of the new company.